Hathayoga Pradeepika – Hatha yoga was authored by Swatmaram Suri in 6th Century AD
HA = Sun / Chitta / Seer
THA = Moon / Prana / Consciousness
Hathayoga is a staircase and the god is Rajayog. It has four chapters:
1 Asana 67 shlokas They say Siddhasana is the best
2 Pranayama + Shatkarma 78 shlokas
3 Mudra & Bandha 130shlokas They say Keval kumbhak is the best.
According to Swatmaram – Kechari Mudra is the best
4 Samadhi (Naadanusandana) 93 shlokas They say Anahaat naad is the best
• Yoga is destroyed by the following six causes:
1. Excessive eating
2. Excessive physical work
3. Excessive Rules
4. Company of people
• The following six bring speedy success :
3. Perceverance, Abhyas Vairagya.
4. Vivek, discriminating knowledge
6. Aloofness from company
• Ten Yamas:
1. Ahimsa (non injuring)
9. Sparing diet
• Ten Niyamas
3. Belief in God
5. Adoration of God
6. Hearing discourses on the principles of religion
1. Leave his bed in the Usâ Kâla (i.e., at the peep of dawn or 4 o’clock) in the morning.
2. Remembering guru and desired deity in heart.
3. Answering the calls of nature, and cleaning his mouth,
4. Apply Bhasma (ashes).
5. Take a Vow
6. Salutation to the Lord of the Nâgas
7. Practice Shavasana if necessary
8. Kumbhaka in Viparita Karni Mudra
9. Sipping a little water
10. Practice Pranayama
11. Sitting in Siddhasana perform 80 Kumbhakas in Anuloma Viloma, Sûrya Bhedan, with Bandhas, practise Ujjâyî and then Sîtkârî, Śîtalî, d Bhastrikâ,
12. Practise mudrâs.
13. Sitting with Padmâsana, hear anâhata nâda attentively.
14. Resign the fruits of all his practice reverently to God.
15. Take a warm bath.
16. At noon a little rest should be taken at the end of the exercise.
17. Wholesome food (Mithahaar) should be taken
18. After food Elaichi, langa or betel leaf.
19. Read books (Scriptures) or hear Purânas and repeat the name of God.
20. Evening Practice should be begun after finishing sandyhâ, as before.
In Hathayoga these four asanas considered essential are:
3) Simhasana and
Even of these, the Siddhaâsana, is the best.
Other Asanas are:
6. Uttâna Kûrmaâsana
9. Paśchima Tâna
• Foods injurious to a Yogî
Bitter, sour, saltish, hot, green vegetables, fermented, oily, mixed with til seed, rape seed, intoxicating liquors, fish, meat, curds, chhaasa pulses, plums, oilcake,
asafoetida (hînga), garlic, onion, etc.,
• Food beneficial to those who practise Yoga.
Wheat, rice, barley, shâstik (a kind of rice), good corns, milk, ghee, sugar, butter, sugarcandy, honey, dried ginger, Parwal (a vegetable) the five vegetables, moong, pure water.
Kumbhakas should be performed gradually 4 times during day and night, i.e., morning, noon, evening and midnight), till the number of Kumbhakas for one time is 80 and for day and night together it is 320.
Dhauti, – Vastra
Basti – Jal
Neti – Sutra
Trâtaka – dot
Eight Types of kumbhakas:
Bhedan, Ujjâyî, Sîtkarî, Sîtalî, Bhastrikâ, Bhrâmarî, mûrchhâ, and Plâvinî.